Major Edmund LOCKYER

Major Edmund LOCKYER

Male 1784 - 1860

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Sources    |    Event Map    |    All    |    PDF

  • Prefix  Major 
    Born  21 Jan 1784  Plymouth, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    • Wembury House
    Gender  Male 
    Baptism  17 Aug 1784  Plymouth, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    • St Andrews Church
    Military Service 
    • 9 June 1803 gazetted an Ensign in the 19th Regiment of Foot

      by 1824 he was a Brevet-Major:
      MILITARY PROMOTIONS
      War Office, July 30, 1824
         
      19th Ditto [Regiment of Foot] - Brevet Major Edmund Lockyer, to be Major, by purchase, vice Bloomfield, who retires.
      Lieut. Hugh Henry Rose, to be Captain, by purchase, vice Lockyer.

      THE CONNAUGHT JOURNAL
      Galway, Monday, August 9, 1824
      http://www.irelandoldnews.com/

      29 Oct 1824 he changed from the 19th Regiment of Foot to the 57th Regiment of Foot:
      MILITARY PROMOTIONS
      War Office, Oct. 29, 1824

      19th Ditto [Regiment of Foot]- Major Edward Lenn, from the 57th Foot, to be Major, vice Lockyer, who exchanges.
          
      57th Ditto [Regiment of Foot]- Major Edmund Lockyer, from the 19th Foot, to be Major, vice Lenn, who exchanges.

      THE CONNAUGHT JOURNAL
      Galway, Thursday, November 4, 1824
      http://www.irelandoldnews.com/
    Died  10 Jun 1860  Woolloomooloo, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [3, 4
    Cause: Influenza 
    • York House, Bay Street

      DEATH OF MAJOR EDMOND LOCKYER.-We regret to announce the demise of Major Edmund Lockyer - Usher of the Black Rod in the Legislative Council. He had been suffering from the prevailing epidemic, and his friends thought him just on the eve of recovery. At the time of his death he was seated in his arm-chair. The transition from life to death was so free from physical suffering, that he was believed to be asleep, when the attention of his relatives was first attracted by what they believed to be merely a slate of quiescence. Major Lockyer was esteemed by all who knew him for his urbanity and gentlemanly bearing. The funeral will move from the residence of the deceased gentleman, Bay-street, Woolloomooloo, to-morrow at 10 a.m.
    Buried  12 Jun 1860  Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [5, 6, 7
    • Camperdown Cemetery
      Shares second wife Sarah's grave and headstone.

      HOISTED THE FLAG.

      Claim for Major Lockyer.
      SYDNEY, Sunday. - Sir Nicholas Colston Lockyer, former comptroller of Customs, now living in retirement at Toorak, Melbourne, has had the following inscription placed upon the tomb of his father, Major Edmund Lockyer, of H.M. 57th Regiment, in the Camperdown Cemetery:-
      "As commandant at King George's Sound Major Lockyer hoisted the British flag on January 21, 1827, in assertion of the first official claim by the Imperial Government to British possession over the whole continent of Australia."
    Age  76 years 
    Notes 
    • MAJOR EDMUND LOCKYER 57th REGIMENT [From "THE COMING OF THE BRITISH TO AUSTRALIA 1788 - 1829" by Lee, Ida (Mrs. Charles Bruce Marriott) 1906.]
      57th Regiment. At the commencement of 1825 this Regiment was stationed as follows: Ensigns W. Lockyer, Benson, Kidd, E. Lockyer, and Wood. 21 SERGEANTS. 8 DRUMMERS. 277 RANK AND FILE. HEADQUARTERS SYDNEY. On 21st December 1830 The Regiment was transferred to the Indian Establishment and left Australia on the 31st of the following March. After he returned to Sydney aboard H.M. "SUCCESS" on 15th April 1827 Lockyer explored the Grose Valley in the Blue Mountains in an attempt to find an alternative route from Sydney to the western plains, but was unsuccessful in his quest. On 8th November, having decided to settle permanently in Australia, he sold his commission and retired from the Army, settling near Parramatta in NSW where he was appointed a Police Magistrate. There he built a house on an estate near Ryde, which he called Ermington, which has since become the name of a Sydney suburb.

      On Christmas Day 1826 a small brig named Amity slipped thankfully out of the storm-ridden Great Southern Ocean into the relative calm of King George Sound. On board was Major Edmund Lockyer and a party of troops and convicts sent from Sydney to establish a penal outpost of the New South Wales Government. From these inauspicious beginnings grew the first European settlement in what is now Western Australia. Despite his skepticism Governor Ralph Darling arranged for a party to leave Sydney for the Sound as soon as possible. On 9th November 1826 the Amity set sail with two military officers, eighteen rank and file soldiers, twenty three convicts and a surgeon to found the first settlement in Western Australia. In charge of the expedition to assess the Sound's suitability for a penal settlement was Major Edmund Lockyer (1784-1860), a career soldier since 1805, who arrived in Sydney in April 1825 with a detachment of the 57th Regiment. Second in command and engineer was Captain Joseph Wakefield, like Lockyer a career soldier who had served in the Napoleonic Wars. Others among the party were Lockyer's son Edmund who served as storekeeper, and the surgeon Isaac Scott Nind. The convicts themselves were, as far as is known, wisely chosen for the successful establishment of a new settlement. They included Dennis Dineen (blacksmith), James Shuttleworth (carpenter), Joh Ryan (sawyer) and John Brown (gardener). Only two days after their arrival a party of Lockyer's men were attacked by a group of Aboriginals without any provocation .The convict blacksmith Dennis Dineen, was struck by three spears and seriously wounded, and others would have been wounded if the alarm had not been raised in time.

      On the 6th June 1828 Governor Darling appointed him Principal Surveyor of Roads and Bridges, at an annual salary of 600 Pounds. However the Colonial Office in London decided to abolish this position, and ordered that the duties be performed by assistants of the Surveyor General's Office, and thus on 1st January 1830 Lockyer handed over his responsibilities to Mr T L Mitchell, the Surveyor General. During his period in office, Lockyer had been associated with the building of part of the Great South Road. In December 1829 he once again became a Police Magistrate at Parramatta, and from February to December 1830 was also appointed Superintendent of Police.

      Word of his exploits in Australia must have reached England, for on 25th March 1831 he was made a Freeman of the Borough of Plymouth. After his period of duty in Western Australia, Lockyer was promised 2,560 acres of land near Goulburn in the Marulan district of NSW in recognition of his service at King George Sound. In 1835 this property was granted to Lockyer, and he named it LOCKYERSLEIGH. By 1837 he had purchased a further 3,635 acres, and in 1838 he leased and stocked CAVAN, a site of great natural beauty at the junction of the Murrumbidgee and Goodradigbee Rivers. He continued to add to his estate, and by 1853 Lockyersleigh had grown in size to 11,810 acres. In 1899 - 1900 Lockyersleigh was one of the locations promoted as a possible site for the Federal Capital of Australia, and although it was not ultimately selected, it was duly inspected by Mr A Oliver the Commissioner on Sites for the Seat of Government of the Commonwealth. It is interesting to note that while Lockyer received a small grant of land, he was denied the larger grants to which he had looked forward under the regulations which then existed for the encouragement of the settlement of ex-army officers in NSW. The reason for the refusal was that to conform with the regulations, Lockyer should have retired from the Army before he left England for Australia in 1825. Lockyer played an active role in the local community, and in 1842 he was a prominent member of an association which was formed to gain permission to import workers from INDIA. In 1843 he announced his intention of standing in the election for the NSW Legislative Council which were to be held in July, but he appears not to have pursued his ambitions in this area, as the Sydney Morning Herald reported that "hearing nothing more of it we presume he has also given up". Lockyer also played a leading part in the anti-transportation movement which was active in Goulburn from 1843-1850.

      Deposits of iron ore were discovered at Lockyersleigh, and a mine was established. Ore from this mine was used in the construction of the first railway in NSW and the spade which was used to cut the first turf for the Sydney Railway Company in July 1850, was made from iron ore taken from Lockyer's estate. Although the mine also showed indications of copper deposits, it was eventually abandoned for lack of labour due to the gold rush. Over 30 years later the wall of the mine shaft which Lockyer had sunk was found to contain gold, however this was not present in sufficient quantities to make mining it commercially viable.

      On 1st May 1852 Lockyer was appointed Sergeant-at Arms to the NSW Legislative Council, and on 20th May 1856 he was made Usher of the Black Rod of the Legislative Council.

      His second wife Sarah died on 11th July 1853 aged 68 years, and on 18th November 1854 he married his third wife Eliza Colston.

      During the Russian war scare of 1854, although aged 70 years, Lockyer enlisted in the NSW VOLUNTEER INFANTRY with the rank of CAPTAIN.

      In 1855 his wife gave birth to a son, Nicholas, who later became a leading NSW and Commonwealth Public Servant, and who was knighted in 1926.

      MAJOR EDMUND LOCKYER died at his home, YORK HOUSE at Bay Street WOOLLOOMOOLOO, on 10th June 1860 aged 76 years and was buried in the Camperdown Cemetery in Sydney.

      On 12th March 1936 a memorial to Major Lockyer was unveiled at Residency Point in ALBANY WA, at the spot where he landed in 1826 to establish the first British Settlement in Western Australia, and where by his proclamation of 21st January 1827, the whole of the Australian Continent was officially brought under the control of the British Crown.

      ****************************************************************************
      Place name Lockyer

      In 1825 Major Edmund Lockyer, 57th Regiment, was sent to Moreton Bay by Governor Brisbane to investigate a report that John Gray, during an expedition out from the settlement, had come across a tribe of white-skinned people who carried bows and arrows. He had with him Thomas Robinson, a sailor who had been in Gray's party earlier that year, and Robinson was able to lead them to the place in the Brisbane Valley where the sighting was supposed to have occurred, but no light-skinned tribe could be found.

      While on this expedition up the Brisbane river by boat, Lockyer came to a large creek running in from the west and marked this on his map. Cunningham later referred to this as Lockyer's Creek, and the name became official. He also gave Lockyer's name to a plain which he discovered on his travels in the area.

      Edmund Lockyer had been in the army about twenty-two years, most of it spent in India and Ceylon, at the time of this expedition. He had come to the New South Wales colony earlier that same year.

      In the year following his visit to Moreton Bay he was sent by the Governor to choose a site for a settlement and to establish it on King George Sound on the North-West Coast of the continent. This was to forestall any colonising move on the shore of New Holland by the French. He was recalled after a short period, and the Swann River settlement was developed instead.

      In 1827 Lockyer exchanged his army life for that of a property owner and government official. He acquired lands around New South Wales, and served as Police Magistrate and Superintendent of Police at Parramatta, Sergeant-at-arms in the Legislative Council and Usher of the Black Rod in the NSW Parliament. He married Dorothea Agatha de Ly, 12 August, 1806, in Ceylon. They had one child. When he came to Australia he was accompanied by his second wife, Sarah Morris. She had eleven children. After Sarah died in 1854, he married Eliza Colston and she bore him three children. He died 1860 at the age of 76. Source:http://www.ucaqld.com.au/~piula/Placenames/page38.html
      (Now, June 2007, http://www.dovenetq.net.au/~piula/Placenames/page36.html)
    Person ID  I470  Colston & Wenck families in Australia
    Last Modified  2 Apr 2014 

    Father  Thomas LOCKYER,   d. 09 Aug 1806, Plymouth, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother  Ann GROSE,   b. 1755, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 09 Dec 1820, Plymouth, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location  –  Age: 65 years 
    Family ID  F420  Group Sheet

    Family 1  Dorothea Agatha DE LY,   b. 21 Jan 1790, Ceylon Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Sep 1816, Galle, Ceylon Find all individuals with events at this location  –  Age: 26 years 
    Married  12 Aug 1806  Galle, Ceylon Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Lieutenant William Edward LOCKYER,   b. 28 Aug 1808,   d. 25 Nov 1886, Mandurama, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  –  Age: 78 years
    Last Modified  20 Nov 2009 
    Family ID  F421  Group Sheet

    Family 2  Sarah MORRIS,   d. 11 Jul 1853, Pitt Street, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Married  06 Oct 1816  Trincomalee, Ceylon Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Edmund Morris LOCKYER,   b. 05 Jul 1809, Taunton, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Jun 1872, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  –  Age: 62 years
    >2. Ann Morris LOCKYER,   b. 04 Nov 1810, Taunton, Somerset, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Oct 1833, Amsterdam Island, Indian Ocean Find all individuals with events at this location  –  Age: 22 years
    >3. Sarah Ermington LOCKYER,   b. 04 Mar 1812, Ermington, Devon, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1867, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  –  Age: 54 years
     4. Helen Kandiana LOCKYER,   b. 25 Mar 1815, Trincomalee, Ceylon Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 23 Apr 1886, East Maitland, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  –  Age: 71 years
     5. Eliza LOCKYER,   b. 05 Jul 1816, Trincomalee, Ceylon Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Sep 1817, Kedgeree, Bengal, India Find all individuals with events at this location  –  Age: 1 years
    >6. Fanny Oceana LOCKYER,   b. 16 Oct 1817, Bay Of Bengal Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Jul 1888, Mandurama, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  –  Age: 70 years
    >7. Emily Catherine Jersey LOCKYER,   b. 10 Dec 1819, Jersey Island, Channel Islands Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Mar 1906, Tumut, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  –  Age: 86 years
     8. Charles Weedon LOCKYER,   b. 18 May 1821, Weedon, Northamptonshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Mar 1898, Darlinghurst, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  –  Age: 76 years
     9. Frederick Macdonald LOCKYER,   b. Oct 1822, Dublin, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1904, Goulburn, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  –  Age: ~ 81 years
    >10. Hugh Henry Rose LOCKYER,   b. 11 Jun 1824, Westport, County Mayo, Ireland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Aug 1908, Orange, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  –  Age: 84 years
    >11. Louisa Harris LOCKYER,   b. 13 Aug 1826, Parramatta, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Aug 1911, Dungog, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  –  Age: 85 years
    Last Modified  5 Dec 2009 
    Family ID  F422  Group Sheet

    Family 3  Elizabeth "Eliza" COLSTON,   b. 29 Jan 1835, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Mar 1884, Woolloomooloo, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  –  Age: 49 years 
    Married  18 Nov 1854  Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  [8, 9
    • On the 18th instant, by special license, at St. James's Church, by the Reverend J. W. Priddle, Major Lockyer, late of her Majesty's 57th Regiment, and Serjeant-at-Arms to the Legislative Council of New South Wales, to Eliza, only daughter of James Forsaith Colston, Esq., of Edinburgh. [8]
    Children 
    >1. Sir Nicholas Colston LOCKYER,   b. 06 Oct 1855, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 26 Aug 1933, Toorak, Victoria, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  –  Age: 77 years
    >2. Ellis Sophia LOCKYER,   b. 09 Jul 1857, Woolloomooloo, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Sep 1909, Ryde, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  –  Age: 52 years
     3. Marion Joan LOCKYER,   b. 03 Apr 1859, Woolloomooloo, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Oct 1946, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Find all individuals with events at this location  –  Age: 87 years
    Last Modified  16 Sep 2011 
    Family ID  F7  Group Sheet

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsBorn - 21 Jan 1784 - Plymouth, Devon, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBaptism - 17 Aug 1784 - Plymouth, Devon, England Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 12 Aug 1806 - Galle, Ceylon Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 06 Oct 1816 - Trincomalee, Ceylon Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 18 Nov 1854 - Sydney, New South Wales, Australia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsDied - Cause: Influenza - 10 Jun 1860 - Woolloomooloo, New South Wales, Australia Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - 12 Jun 1860 - Camperdown, New South Wales, Australia Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Maps 
     = Link to Google Earth 
    Pin Legend  : Address       : Location       : City/Town       : County/Shire       : State/Province       : Country       : Not Set

  • Photos
    LOCKYER, Major Edmund
    LOCKYER, Major Edmund
    LOCKYER, Major Edmund
    LOCKYER, Major Edmund

  • Sources 
    1. [S449] Lockyer Family Papers 1498-1918, Nicholas Colston Lockyer, compiler, (Mitchell Library MSS 2513, digitised), page 75, I was born at Plymouth, in Devonshire on 21st January 1784..

    2. [S716] Plymouth Baptism Register, (findmypast.com Plymouth & West Devon Record Office Collection), Edmund Lockyer 17 Aug 1784.

    3. [S342] Australian Newspapers, National Library of Australia, 1860 'NEW SOUTH WALES.', South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900), 13 June, p. 2, viewed 12 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article49889860.

    4. [S342] Australian Newspapers, National Library of Australia, 1860 '[BY ELECTRIC TELEGRAPH.] MELBOURNE.', Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875), 11 June, p. 4, viewed 12 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60411558.

    5. [S342] Australian Newspapers, National Library of Australia, 1931 'HOISTED THE FLAG.', The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848-1954), 12 January, p. 6, viewed 28 March, 2011, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article4247167.

    6. [S342] Australian Newspapers, National Library of Australia, 1860 'Family Notices.', Empire (Sydney, NSW : 1850 - 1875), 11 June, p. 8, viewed 12 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article60411504.

    7. [S342] Australian Newspapers, National Library of Australia, 1860 'Family Notices.', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 11 June, p. 8, viewed 12 January, 2012, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28627215.

    8. [S342] Australian Newspapers, National Library of Australia, 1854 'Family Notices.', The Sydney Morning Herald (NSW : 1842 - 1954), 20 November, p. 5, viewed 16 September, 2011, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article12962498.

    9. [S7] NSW Pioneer 1788 - 1888 BDM, (Published by the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology in association with the Registry of Births Deaths & Marriages NSW June 1994), V18541072 41B/1854.